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What're the symptoms of breast cancer?

Most breast cancer is discovered before symptoms are present, either by finding an abnormality on mammography or

feeling a breast lump. You may also notice a lump under your arm or above your collarbone that does not go away. Other possible symptoms are breast discharge, nipple inversion, or changes in the skin overlying the breast. Early breast cancer is often detected by a mammogram before any symptoms are present. The most common symptom is a painless lump. However, painful lumps are sometimes caused by breast cancer. Symptoms of breast cancer include:
  • A lump or thickening in the breast or armpit that is new or unusual.
  • A change in the size or shape of the breast.
  • Skin changes, such as a dimple or pucker in the skin of the breast.
  • Discharge or bleeding from the nipple that comes out without squeezing the nipple (spontaneous discharge).
  • A change in the nipple, such as a nipple that is now drawn inward (retraction or inversion).
  • Scaling or crusting of the nipple.
  • A change in the color or feel of the skin of the breast or the darker area around the nipple (areola).
  • A breast lump in an adult man. About 1% of all breast cancer occurs in adult men.
  • More information on breast cancer

    What is breast cancer? - Breast cancer is cancer of breast tissue. Breast cancer starts in the cells of the breast. Breast tissue covers a larger area than just the breast.
    What types of breast cancer are there? - Breast cancer is a type of uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells that can develop in one of several different areas of the breast.
    What're the risk factors for breast cancer? - Risk factors for breast cancer include age, geographical variation, reproductive factors, inherited risk, previous breast disease.
    What're the symptoms of breast cancer? - Symptoms of breast cancer include breast lump, breast discharge, nipple inversion, or changes in the skin overlying the breast.
    How is breast cancer diagnosed? - The mainstay of breast cancer diagnosis is the triad of clinical history, physical examination and imaging (mammography or ultrasound).
    What're the stages of breast cancer? - The stages of breast cancer depends on its size and the extent to which it has spread to other parts of the body.
    What causes breast cancer? - The exact cause or causes of breast cancer remain unknown. Hormonal influences play a role in the development of breast cancer.
    What're the treatments for breast cancer? - Treatment for breast cancer begins with a decision about the type of surgery. Breast implants is used for breast reconstruction.
    What're the side effects of breast cancer treatment? - The type and extent of breast cancer treatment side effects vary depending on the particular treatment involved, its duration, and its dose.
    How is breast cancer treated with surgery? - Surgery is the mainstay of therapy for breast cancer. A breast biopsy is the removal of breast tissue for examination by a pathologist.
    What's the chemotherapy for breast care? - Chemotherapy is the use of anti-cancer drugs to treat cancerous cells. Chemotherapy involves being given a combination of anti-cancer medicines.
    What's the radiation therapy for breast cancer? - Radiation therapy is often used to destroy any remaining breast cancer cells in the breast, chest wall, or axilla (underarm) area after surgery.
    What's the hormone therapy for breast cancer? - Most breast cancer is sensitive to the female hormone oestrogen. Megestrol acetate is used for hormone treatment of advanced breast cancer.
    What breast cancer medications are available? - Medications to treat breast cancer include selective estrogen-receptor modulators, aromatase inhibitors, biologic response modifiers.
    Can breast cancer be prevented? - There is no known way to prevent breast cancer. But several preventive measures can be take to reduce risk of breast cancer.
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