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What're the risk factors for stomach cancer?

According to the National Cancer Institute (NCI), the stomach cancer rate in the United States and the number of deaths from this disease have gone down dramatically over the past 60 years. Stomach cancer is still a serious disease, and, at this

time, the causes of stomach cancer at not well known. Here are some of the most common risk factors:

Diet. Certain dietary factors were once thought to play a role in the development of adenocarcinoma of the stomach. These factors included a high intake of salt, a high intake of carbohydrates, a high intake of preservatives called nitrates (often present in smoked foods), and a low intake of fruit and green leafy vegetables. However, none of these factors has been proven to be a cause.

Age. People over the age of 55 are at an increased risk for stomach cancer.

Sex. Stomach cancer affects men twice as often as women.

Race. This disease is more common in black people or people with dark skin than in white people.

Geography. Stomach cancer is more common in parts of the world such as Japan, Korea, parts of
Eastern Europe and Latin America than in the United States. Researchers believe that the people
in these regions eat foods that are preserved by drying, salting, pickling or smoking. Preserving foods in these ways may increase the risk of stomach cancer.

History of helicobacter pylori. Studies show that people who have had a history of helicobacter pylori, a type of bacteria that causes stomach inflammation and ulcers, may have an increased risk of developing stomach cancer.

Stomach surgery. People who have had stomach surgery or have pernicious anemia, achlohydria or gastric atrophy (which result in lower than normal amounts of digestive juices) have an increased risk of stomach cancer.

More information on stomach cancer

What is stomach cancer? - Stomach cancer (gastric cancer) is a disease in which normal cells in the stomach tissues become cancerous and grow out of control.
What causes stomach cancer? - Stomach cancer arises from changes in the internal lining of the stomach. Stomach cancer is more common in smokers and in those with heavy alcohol intake.
What're the risk factors for stomach cancer? - Risk factors for stomach cancer include eating foods high in starch and low in fiber, smoking, drinking alcohol, and vitamin A deficiency.
What're the symptoms of stomach cancer? - Symptoms of stomach cancer include weight loss, loss of appetite, gastrointestinal bleeding, nausea and vomiting.
How is stomach cancer diagnosed? - A complete medical history will be taken to check for any risk factors. A thorough physical examination will be conducted to assess all the symptoms.
What're the stages of stomach cancer? - Staging of stomach cancer is based on how deep the growth has penetrated the stomach lining. Staging may not be complete until after surgery.
What's the treatment for stomach cancer? - Standard treatment available for stomach cancer include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
How to prevent stomach cancer? - By avoiding many of the risk factors associated with the disease, it is possible to prevent many stomach cancers.
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All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005, health-cares.net, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005